Tate Britain, until 1932 the National Gallery of British Art and then the Tate Gallery, is housed on the grounds of the former Millbank Prison. The main building was designed by Sidney R. J. Smith with a classicist colonnade and a dome vault. Construction was under construction in 1893 and the museum opened on July 21, 1897. Several extensions have been added to the museum over the years, which has gradually led to a complex of buildings. The central sculpture gallery was designed by John Russell Pope at the time.
The museum was renamed “Tate Britain” in 2000, due to the opening of Tate Modern on the other bank of the Thames. The exhibitions are now focused on older and contemporary British art. The 1987 Clore Gallery, designed by James Stirling, houses works by William Turner.
Tate Britain and Tate Modern are connected by a fast boat connection via the Thames. Reminiscent of a shark rising from the water, the boat is decorated with spotlights– based on paintings of the same theme by the artist Damien Hirst.
Tate Britain, like most museums, is free of charge.